Theory Of Small Arms | Small Arms Theory | Lesson No. 1 | Axis Of Bore, Line Of Elevation, Line Of Departure, Jump, Ricochet And More

Axix of Bore
(Theory of Small Arms) Axis of Bore

In this article, we will learn the theory of small arms. Axis Of Bore, Line Of Elevation, Line Of Departure, Jump, Ricochet, Quadrant Elevation, Trajectory, Culminating Point, Angle of decent, angle of fall, First Catch, First Graze, Dangerous Space, Cone of Fire, Beaten Zone, Dangerous Zone, etc.





Barrel Ki Line (Axis of Bore): Us Farzi Line Ko Kahte Hain Jo Breech Block Se, Bore Ke Bilkul Madhya Se Hota Hue, Muzzle Tak Jati Hai.
 

Elevation Ki Line: Barrel Ki Line Ko Muzzle End Se Aage Badhya Jae To Yeh Line Of Elevation Kahlati Hai.
 
Line of Elevation
Line of Elevation



Goli Nikalne Ki Line (Line of Departure): Muzzle Se Nikalne Ke Baad Goli Jis Rukh Mein Ya Jis Raste Hokar Jani Chahiye Usko Goli Nikalne Ki Line Kahte Hain. Yeh Ek Farzi Line hai.
 
Line of Departure
Line of Departure


Jump: Yeh Us Farq Ko Jahir Karta Hain Jo Ki Barrel Ki Line Aur Line Of Departure Ke Beech Hota Hai. Yeh Muzzle Ki Harkat Bullet Ke Muzzle Chorte Waqt, Round Ke Dhamake Ke Karan Hoti Hain. Ise Nangi Aankhe Se Asani Se Nahin Dekha Ja Sakta Hai Kyonki Yeh Harkat Bahut Hi Mamuli Hoti Hain Aur Bahut Hi Tezi Se Hoti Hain. Jump Se Goli Ki Trajectory Mein Bhi Farq Parta Hai Lekin Iska Purwanuman Lagakar Zeroing Ke Dwara Isko Nakara Kiya Ja Sakta Hain.


Jamp Ka Kon: Yeh Who Kon Hai Jo Barrel Ki Line Fire Hone Se Pehle Aur Barrel Ki Line Fire Hone Ka Baad Ke Beech Banta Hain.

Jump Ka Cone
Jump Ka Cone

Throw Off: Yeh Bhi Jump Ki Tarah Hi Hain Lekin Farq Kewal Barrel Ki Harkat Mein Hota Hai. Jump Mein Barrel Kewal Upar Ya Niche Ki Harkat Karta Hain Lekin Throw Off Mein Barrel Daen/baen Ki Harkat Karti Hai. Iske Asar Ko Bhi Zeroing Karke Nakara Ja Sakta Hai.

Throw Off
Throw Off



Shist Ki Rekha (Line of Sight): Us Farzi Line Ko Kahte Hain Jo Firer Ki Ankh, Back Sight Ke Beech Beech, Foresight Tip Se Hote Hue Point Of Aim par Jati hai.


 
Quadrant Elevation: Firing Se Pehle Axis Of Bore Aur Samtal Ke Bich Banane Wala Who Kon Quadrant Elevation Kahlata hain.

 
Quadrant Elevation
Quadrant Elevation

 

Trajectory: Muzzle Ko Chorne Ke Bad Target Ko Hit Karne Tak Ya Zamin Par Takrane Tak Goli Ka Hawa Mein Uran Ke Dauran Jo Golaidar Raasta Banta Hai Use Trajectory Kahte hain.

Trajectory
Trajectory

Uncha Nishan (Culminating Point): Uran Ke Sauran Goli line Of Sight Se, Jis Sabse Uncle Mukam Par Pahunchti Hai Use Culminating Point Kahte Hain. YehAamtaur Par Trajectory Ke Adhe Raaste Ke Baad Hota Hai. Golian Culminating Point Ke Baad Bahut Tezi Ke Saath Zamin Ki Taraf Ati Hain.
 
Culminating Point
Culminating Point



Uttar Ka Kon (Angle of Descent): Uncha Nishan (Culminating Point) Ke Age Trajectory Ke Kisi Bhi Bhag par Mapa Jane Wale Who Kon Hai Jo Ki Samtal (Horizontal) Aur Trajectory Ke Kisi Bhi Bhag Se Khinchi Sparsh Rekha (Tangent) Ke Beech Chhota Kon (Angle) Banate Hain.

Angle of Decent
Angle of Decent
 

Girne Ka Kon (Angle of Fall):  Yeh Trajectory Ke Us Bhag par, Jahan Line Of Sight Trajectory Ko katati Hain, Jahan Line Of Sight Trajectory Ko Katati hain, Banne Wala Who Kon Hain Jo Ki Us Bhag Ko Khinchi Sparsh Rekha Aur Samtal Ke Beech Bahta Hai. Dusre Shabdon Mein, Jahan Barrel Se Lekar Guzarti  Samanantar Rekha Trajectory Ko Katati hai, Use Point of Fall Kahte Hain. Point of Fall Par Trajectory Se Khinchi Sparsh Rekha Aur Samtal Ke Beech Ke Kon Ko Angle of Fall Kahte hain. Khyan Rahe Ki Is Sthan par Angle Of Fal Aur Angle Of Decent Ek Hi Hain.

Angle of Fall
Angle of Fall


Disha Badlna: (Ricochet): Goli Zamin Se Ya Kisi Anya Sthan Se Takrane Ke Baad Jab Apni Disha Ko Badal Leti Hain To Use Ricochet Hona Kahta Hain. Pani Se Bhi Recochet Hota Hai.

Ricochet
Ricochet
  

Pahli Pkar (First Catch): Yeh Trajectory par Who Point Hota Hain Jahan par Goli Target Ke Sabse Unche Hisse Se Takra Sakti Hain Aur Yeh Zamin Se Sambandhit Hota Hain.

First Catch
First Catch
 

Pahli Ragar (First Graze): Yeh Zamin Par Who Point Hota Hain Jahan, First Catch Ke Bad, Zamin par goli Takrati hain.

First Graze
First Graze



Dangerous Space: Wah ilaka Jo First Catch Aur First Graze Ke Beech Banta Hai, Use Dangerous Space Kahte Hain.
 
Dangerous Space:
Dangerous Space:



Cone Of Fire: Auto hathiyar Se Burst Fire Ke Dauran Golian Hawa mein Jis Akar Mein Failti Hain Ise Cone Of Fire Kahte Hain. Yeh Aamtaur Par Ek Ande ke Akar Mein Failta Hai. Ismen Jadatar Golian Ande Ke Bicho Bich Hoti Hain.
 
Cone Of Fire
Cone Of Fire

 

Beaten Zone: Cone Of Fire Ki Golian Zamin par Girkar Jo Shakal Banati Hain Use Beaten Zone Kahte Hain. Iski Banawat r gaur Zamin Ki Banawat Ke Anusar Alag Alag Hoti hain. (LMG ka Beaten Zone 500x par 175x2m aur 100x par 115x4m Hota Hain.)

Beaten Zone
Beaten Zone


Dangerous Zone: Dangerous Space Aur Beaten Zone Ke Bich Ke Elake Ko Dangerous Zone Kahte Hain. Fire Ko Kargar Hone Ke Lie Yeh Zaruri Hai Ki Target Dangerous Zone Mein Shamil ho.
 
Dangerous Zone
Dangerous Zone


Watch Theory of Small Arms Video With Animation Here


 

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